Hi, this is Yolanda Vanveen, and in this segment,we're going to talk about how to grow the common sunflower, also known as helianthusannuus.
It's a beautiful, just the common sunflower, that you see all over the world.
Now, the sunflowers have been around, for as long as man has been around, and the earliestrecords of sunflowers, were produced by the Incas of Peru, so they called the sunflowerthe flower of the gods.
They believed that the gods had brought them the sunflower, andmost sunflower oils come from the common sunflower, so that helianthus annuus, is really importantto the human population, and the human civilization, because we've used it since the beginningof time, but they're a great garden flower too, and there's just a few rules when yougrow them that you should follow, so it's already November, and this sunflower is totally,it's dying, it's done its time.
It was planted late in the summer.
That's the great part.
You can put the seeds out, as late as even July, and if you live in a milder climatelike the northwest, you can get blooms into October and November, and as soon as theydie, I just let them die back, and it's starting to freeze too, but I like to let the plantgo to seed, but saying that, even as they die back, each one of these little seeds,these are actually seeds.
They haven't dried up, they haven't turned black yet, but they'restill going to create another plant, so I will let the plant just go to seed, and that'sthe best thing that you can do, is just to leave it in your garden, and it will dropthe seeds for the next year, so they are an annual, in the fact that they'll come backevery year from the seeds, and they're hardy.
They're hardy to zones four to zone nine,so they can handle a lot of cold, cold temperatures.
They can reach up to twelve feet tall too,on certain different varieties, so you have to be careful, and sometimes they need tobe staked, or they'll fall over, if there is too much sun hitting them.
Sunflowers needfull, hot sun all day.
They don't like any shade at all, and the best way to start themis by seed in the summer, or in the spring, and then they'll come right up, and they'llbloom quite quickly.
They're really an amazing plant, and they'll grow from zones four tonine, so wherever you grow, they'll do really well.
If you live in a really windy, windyarea, sometimes you have to stake them, or put them to the side of the house, where thewind is a little bit more moderate, because it's being protected by the house, but otherthan that, they'll grow on their own.
They really don't need you, and they're a greatgarden addition.